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Cornus sanguinea is a deciduous shrub found in areas such as Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia to Spain, east to Sicily and Greece. Rare in S.W. Asia.. A member of the Cornaceae family, Cornus sanguinea L is also known by its common name of Dogwood. The shrub can grow to a height of 3 meters and up to meters wide. The preferred habitat of Mixed woods, scrub and hedgerows, especially on calcareous soils[7, 13, 186]., with LMH soil and SN moisture levels. .
Dogwood is a zone 5 hardy plant that has medicinal uses - the medicinal usage rating of Dogwood is 1The bark is astringent and febrifuge. It is used to treat fevers. The leaves are sometimes used externally as an astringent. The fruit is emetic.
Cornus sanguinea is 1 plant, whose flowers bloom typically in 6 - 7, and which is pollinated by Insects.
Known hazards of the plant: Contrary to some reports, the fruit is not poisonous, but the leaves can cause skin irritations to sensitive people.
The plant has an edibility rating of 3Fruit - raw or cooked. A bitter flavour, it can also have an emetic effect on the body[1, 7, 11]. It is not worthwhile. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter. An oil is obtained from the seed, it is edible when refined.
Cultivation tips: An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any soil of good or moderate fertility, ranging from acid to shallow chalk. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are relatively shade tolerant, though
they are not happy when growing in dense shade. They grow badly when exposed to strong cold winds. Plants are hardy to about -25°c. The flowers have a rather unpleasant smell to most people, though they are attractive to insects. Plants have a suckering habit and can quickly form dense thickets. They can be coppiced regularly and will throw up long straight stems after being cut back. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus.
. The plant should best be propagated by Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in an outdoors seedbed if there is sufficient seed[80, 113]. The seed must be separated from the fruit flesh since this contains germination inhibitors[80, 164]. Stored seed should be cold stratified for 3 - 4 months and sown as early as possible in the year. Scarification may also help as may a period of warm stratification before the cold stratification[80, 164]. Germination, especially of stored seed, can be very slow, taking 18 months or more. Prick out the seedlings of cold-frame sown seeds into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse, planting out in the spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe side shoots, July/August in a frame. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, taken with a heel if possible, autumn in a cold frame. High percentage. Layering of new growth in June/July. Takes 9 months.
Fruit - raw or cooked. A bitter flavour, it can also have an emetic effect on the body[1, 7, 11]. It is not worthwhile. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter. An oil is obtained from the seed, it is edible when refined.