Cornus sanguinea is a deciduous shrub found in areas such as Europe, including Britain, from Scandanavia to Spain, east to Sicily and Greece. Rare in S.W. Asia.. A member of the Cornaceae family, Cornus sanguinea L is also known by its common name of Dogwood. The shrub can grow to a height of 3 meters and up to meters wide. The preferred habitat of Mixed woods, scrub and hedgerows, especially on calcareous soils[7, 13, 186]., with LMH soil and SN moisture levels. .

Dogwood is a zone 5 hardy plant that has medicinal uses - the medicinal usage rating of Dogwood is 1The bark is astringent and febrifuge[7]. It is used to treat fevers[254]. The leaves are sometimes used externally as an astringent[7]. The fruit is emetic[7].

Cornus sanguinea is 1 plant, whose flowers bloom typically in 6 - 7, and which is pollinated by Insects.

Known hazards of the plant: Contrary to some reports, the fruit is not poisonous, but the leaves can cause skin irritations to sensitive people[65].

The plant has an edibility rating of 3Fruit - raw or cooked[105]. A bitter flavour, it can also have an emetic effect on the body[1, 7, 11]. It is not worthwhile[115]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[200]. An oil is obtained from the seed[2], it is edible when refined[75].

Cultivation tips: An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any soil of good or moderate fertility[1], ranging from acid to shallow chalk[200]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Plants are relatively shade tolerant, though
they are not happy when growing in dense shade[186]. They grow badly when exposed to strong cold winds[186]. Plants are hardy to about -25°c[184]. The flowers have a rather unpleasant smell to most people, though they are attractive to insects[186]. Plants have a suckering habit and can quickly form dense thickets[186]. They can be coppiced regularly and will throw up long straight stems after being cut back[186]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[200].

. The plant should best be propagated by Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in an outdoors seedbed if there is sufficient seed[80, 113]. The seed must be separated from the fruit flesh since this contains germination inhibitors[80, 164]. Stored seed should be cold stratified for 3 - 4 months and sown as early as possible in the year[164]. Scarification may also help as may a period of warm stratification before the cold stratification[80, 164]. Germination, especially of stored seed, can be very slow, taking 18 months or more[164]. Prick out the seedlings of cold-frame sown seeds into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse, planting out in the spring after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe side shoots, July/August in a frame. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, taken with a heel if possible, autumn in a cold frame. High percentage[78]. Layering of new growth in June/July. Takes 9 months[78].

Fruit - raw or cooked[105]. A bitter flavour, it can also have an emetic effect on the body[1, 7, 11]. It is not worthwhile[115]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[200]. An oil is obtained from the seed[2], it is edible when refined[75].