If it is your first time to try gardening in Australia, the first thing you should know about is the three primary types of gardening zones the country has. In a way, this should be easier compared to when you were gardening in United States, which definitely has more than three gardening zones.
For Australia, the three gardening zones are cool, warm, and temperate. Once you identify the garden zone that you are located in, you will have an easier time determining what flowers and plants you will have an easiest time to grow and what other activities you should take care of to ensure proper health for your garden.

Warm Climate Gardening Zone

Areas that are in this garden zone are particularly frost free although there is a chance that during short winters, those living in inland areas could experience a slight bit of frost. If you are thinking of growing plants that require long periods of chilling, then this is definitely not the ideal garden zone for your needs.
What can thrive in this gardening zone would be most endemic species to Australia, the ones that cannot get enough of its heat and light. These include most flowers, plants, fruits and vegetables that can be produced locally and in warmer parts of the world.
Keep in mind that the warm climate garden zone of Australia typically experiences long periods of dry weather, which alternates with equally long spells of wet weather. If the

plants that you would like to grow may not find those weather conditions suitable, then you may have to grow them indoors instead.

Cool Climate Gardening Zone

This is the exact opposite of the warm climate gardening zone so everything that did not apply above will definitely apply here. If you found it a hardship to grow plants that require chilling in the aforementioned zone, you will find them thriving exceptionally well if you live in a cool climate gardening zone.
Frosts in this gardening zone can well last past winter and into spring. There are also some areas that may experience snow. If you are thinking of caring of plants that are endemic to cooler gardening zones of North America as well as Europe and Asia then this is the optimal gardening zone in Australia for your blooms.
Basically, this particular zone encompasses the entire region of Tasmania as well as the Albany region of Australia. The southernmost regions of South Australia and New South Wales are also part of this zone. North Island’s interior, the whole South Island, and the highlands and tablelands of NSW are included as well. Last but not the least, barring areas of Benalla and Melbourne, the rest of Victoria can be considered under this zone as well.

Temperate Climate Gardening Zone

Firstly, the temperate zone encompasses the territories between the Tropics of Cancer & Capricorn and the Polar Regions. Anything that does not apply to this region or the places mentioned above for Australia’s cool climate gardening zone should automatically be considered as part of the warm climate gardening zone.
Frost does occur from time to time in the temperate zone but it quickly disappears by the time spring rolls in. As such, plants that do well in either hot or cool climate zones may have a chance of surviving here but only with exceptional care and maintenance.
In these zones, the months of January and February can be particularly tough for gardening because of the extremely hot weather. You will find it easier to grow new blooms if you start in autumn instead, which occurs from March until May.
If you live in areas like Perth, Adelaide, or Sydney, the same gardening requirements apply. Just keep in mind, however, that their minimum temperatures tend to be a bit higher than the rest of the temperate climate gardening zone.
Regardless of where you are having your garden in Australia, it would always be a good thing to follow basic care guidelines specific to your plant. These include activities such as the ones below:

  • Watering
  • Fertilizing
  • Adjusting soil pH balances
  • Lighting
  • Heat and temperature