In the eyes of both architects and interior designers, colours are important because of two primary factors: lighting and energy. Simply put, colours have a way of defining the energy level in a particular room. Ocean blue shades, for instance, can make a room feel more relaxing while bold red colours can make the room feel hot and vibrant - something that would be great to have a party in.

Colours can also improve lighting conditions in a room. They can make a room seem brighter or darker. They can also help either fluorescent lighting feel less clinical while they can help make incandescent light seem even more golden. Lastly, colours - bearing in mind that the right shades are used - can also help reduce glare from natural lighting as well as absorb unwanted shadows caused by certain lighting positions in a room.

There are many factors that will impact your choice of colour in an outdoor or indoor area.

Location

More to the point, where is the sun coming from? How much natural lighting do you get in the months of summer and winter? What kind of lighting would you like to create in a room? Natural lighting plus white or similar shades will make your room seem even brighter than it already is. Given the right furniture and decor, you can easily turn your bedroom into something that seems to be borrowed straight out of heaven!

Materials

What kind of materials are you using to

express or create colour in a room? You have to understand that colours react or change in appearance depending on the materials that they are made of or next to.

Try to look for window treatments that possess the same shade of red but are made of different materials like fabrics, wood, stone, or metal. Even if they are under the same lighting conditions and has the same shade of red, the colour will still feel less and more intense depending on the materials used.

Balance

Colours should be always used in moderation or at least in a well-balanced way. This does not mean that you have to stay away from rainbow-coloured themes, though. If that is your style, then you can certainly enjoy rainbow themes in your home. You just have to be careful in choosing how to incorporate a rainbow theme.

Since rainbow themes are eye-catching because of their multi-coloured design, it is best not to use them as a primary background colour. They are, instead, more suitable as a highlight for any particular room.

If you want a rainbow-themed living room, for instance, you can go for rainbow-coloured blinds or a rainbow-coloured seat cover for your sofa. Rainbow colours can easily hurt the eye but not if you use it effectively as an accent.

Personalization

Make your house an extension of your personality with the right choice of colours. This is not a matter of using your favourite colour - although that would always help. Rather, look for colours that can help define your personality.

Yellow shades, for example, are often associated with people with sunny dispositions while black or dark shades are often associated with cool and sophisticated personalities.

The Advantage to Using Colours in Interior Design

To end this talk about colours, keep in mind that colours are one of the most affordable ways of renovating or transforming the appearance of any given room. Instead of buying new furniture, installing new architectural elements to the room, or changing the wallpaper or flooring, you can virtually achieve the same results just by changing the colours of your room.

Start with your walls as they present a huge percentage of your room. Change the colours of your wall and you have already won half the battle. Focus on equally major elements in the room as well. Are you using curtains or any kind of window treatment for the entire length of one side of the room? What about the largest furniture in the room like cushions or tables? Also, do not forget the ceilings and floorings. These, too, can make your room feel more welcoming or exciting with a new coating of paint.

Using colour in interior design can transform an otherwise dull, lifeless space into some thing very special. By following our guidelines below, you can create a special living space in every part of your home.

Red is an emotionally intense and very extreme colour. It symbolises heat, fire, blood, passion, love, warmth, power, excitement and aggression. Red has the effect of stimulating people to make quick decisions and to increase expectations. Red suggests physical strength, rejuvenation, self-confidence, love, passion, sensuousness, danger, courage, and vitality. It also stimulates the appetite, making it an excellent colour choice for dining rooms. But it's not right for all rooms - the intensity of the colour makes it unsuitable for use in the nursery.

Orange is the colour most associated with appetite and is friendly, cheerful and happy. It's more friendly than fiery and more welcoming than seductive. Orange is associated with glowing warmth, contentment, fruitfulness and wholesomeness. It looks strong, generous and optimistic. A good choice for living rooms, family rooms and children's bedrooms. Orange in its toned-down terracotta form can be an ideal choice for a home office. It has the energising effect of both red and orange, but isn't so bright that you won't be able to stay settled at your work desk.

Yellow is optimistic - it lifts our spirits. It produces sensations of brightness and warmth, and represents playfulness, light and creativity and an easygoing attitude towards life. It's as inviting as a glorious sunny day. Pure yellow is the most cheerful of the spectrum, enhancing concentration and also speeding up the metabolism. Yellow is the colour of the intellect - a clear mind that can take in and understand ideas and respond to them. A good colour for the social areas of the house but not for babies' bedrooms. Babies will cry more in a yellow room than in a room of any other colour.

As the dominant colour in nature, green can be used anywhere in the house. It suggests balance, harmony, replenishment, wealth, refreshment, compassion, rejuvenation, balance, moderation, concentration and security. Green has a calming effect and confers a sense of relaxation and comfort. It represents health and prosperity, and refreshes the spirit. It is the most well-liked colour and the easiest colour for the eye to see. Light greens work well in bathrooms and living rooms. Mid-range greens are great choices for kitchens and dining rooms.

Blue is refreshing, soothing, calm, dependable and relieves insomnia and headaches. It slows the metabolism, lowers blood pressure, decreases heartburn and indigestion and is associated with travel and leisure, authority and strength. It's non-threatening and is a symbol of trust and longevity. However, the same blue that lulls us to sleep also suppresses our appetites, possibly because there are very few naturally blue foods. Soothing blue is an ideal bedroom colour choice for both adults and children, but not good in the dining room.

Purple contains elements of surprise and magic. It's the colour of royalty and stands for luxury, wealth and sophistication. Purple is the colour of philosophers and also suggests romance, imagination, passion and sensitivity. It suppresses appetite, but fosters love, wisdom, reverence, spirituality and quietness. Purple eases the mind and overactive glands, conveying creativity. Purple is a good choice for areas of the house where concentration is required, and also for children's bedrooms. Not a good colour for the dining room, though.

Browns are often described as 'earth tones' and are just that - colours we see in nature. Earth tones tend to be harmonious, rich in colour and depth and impart a feeling of solidity and permanence. Light brown implies genuineness, while dark brown is reminiscent of wood or leather. Men are more apt to say that brown is one of their favourite colours. Integrating earth tones into your environment brings a sense of approachability. They are part of our everyday existence. They are familiar and comforting and make a great choice for home offices and living rooms.

Neutrals are far from boring. These timeless hues come from the pigments used by the earliest artists - ochre, charcoal, umber and sienna - and create colours that are restful, soothing and completely liveable. They present subtle, calming palette, creating a tranquil, refined look. It's almost impossible to go wrong with neutrals - they go with everything and clash with nothing. For a truly sophisticated effect, it's best not to mix the different tones. Dont pair the red-toned neutrals with yellow- or blue-toned neutrals.