A healthy and green lawn is a good basis and inspiration for different ideas and styles in natural landscaping. Whether the lawn is lacking in luster, suffering from a few bald patches or there isn’t one to begin with, lawns can be a fun DIY project even for the budding gardener.

Here is the list of materials that you will need:

  • Spreader
  • Tiller (Rototiller)
  • Roller
  • Grass Seed
  • Starter Fertilizer
  • Soil Conditioner or Compost
  • Rake
  • Either a flat-bladed shovel or herbicide and a sod-cutter

The Best Method

One of the first things you must decide on when you are starting a new lawn is which method to use. There are two options you can choose from: laying sods or seeding a lawn. Laying sods will give you a beautiful and lush lawn in an instant but if you plan to do it by yourself, it will require physical and tiring work.

Seeding your lawn is less expensive and is recommended for someone who wants to be physically active and hands-on with the care and maintenance of his new lawn. Seeding your own lawn will also give you more options when it comes to grass types.

This article will teach you how to start a new lawn by the seeding method. Before you start with anything, it is best to check with your county extension to know which type is best suited for the area you live in.


Remove the existing lawn and weeds from the area where you want to plant your new lawn. You may dig them out from the root with a shovel (the ones with a flat-shaped head work best). You can also apply herbicide on the area and then uproot with a sod cutter.

Once the area is clear, test the pH of your soil. You may have this done by gardening experts. The preference of most lawn grasses is a 6.0 - 7.5. If the test reveals that your soil’s pH must be adjusted, you may do so along with number 2.

2) Loosen up any hard and compacted soil in the area using a soil tiller (also called a rototiller). A soil tiller may be rented from your neighborhood rental agency. After the soil has loosened up, you may cover the area with your starter fertilizer (normally high in phosphorus).

Apply a soil conditioner which is available in most gardening outposts or if you have some healthy and sizeable amount of compost in your home, you may use this on the area as well. Use the soil tiller to work your soil condition mixture once again into your soil.

3) Rake the entire area to completely level the land and to remove any dirt and debris collected in the soil. At site grading, make sure that water flows away from your house. This is to prevent any issues with excess water run-off.

4) If you don’t’ have a roller, you may rent one from your neighborhood rental agency. Fill its drum with water and roll over the area until it is completely leveled. Find out the recommended seed rate then use a seed spreader to distribute the seeds on your lawn. Use 1/4 of your seeds per run. After every four runs, change the direction of your seed spreader to encourage a full and even dispersal.

5) Rake over the area to envelop the seeds with the necessary layer of soil. Remove the water from your roller’s drum and work on your lawn once more.

6) Use a fine spray when watering to discourage the flooding of your lawn with too much water. To allow your seeds to germinate properly, keep your newly-seeded lawn moist throughout the day.

7) Once the grass blades start to sprout, ensure that you water your lawn several times in a day. In case you cannot be around to administer the watering, you can look up automatic irrigation systems to install on your lawn.

Some other things to consider:

  • Find out the best time for seeding from your neighborhood garden supplier.
  • A good time to seed is during early fall. Crabgrass is dead during this season so you will have little problem with weeds.
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