If you want a beautiful and lush lawn for your garden but do not want to go through the trouble of seeding, growing and watering, you are in luck. You can have a thick and green carpet for your garden by installing turf grass sod. The work can be labor intensive but the results are astounding.

There is no doubt about it; installing nursery sod into your garden is the fastest way you can have a gorgeous green and instant lawn. This article will explain to you how to install a lawn sod into your backyard.

Here is a list of the materials that you will need to install a lawn sod into your garden or backyard: measuring tape, wheelbarrow, garden shovel, 3 lb hammer, nursery sod, sod cutter, topsoil, stakes, string roller, and garden rake.

Remember to lift any heavy equipment with your legs and not your back. Wear safety gloves and goggles when handling or maneuvering heavy equipment.

Here are the steps:

Measure the area in that you want to cover in lawn sod. You can use a measuring tape to calculate the figure. Simply get the measure of the length and the width of the area intended for lawn coverage.

Multiply these two numbers together to come up with your square yardage. (Example: your width is 20 yards and your length is 40 yards. Your square yardage is 800 square yards). You can measure irregular yards by breaking it up into smaller areas and adding up your total

square yardage.

Order your topsoil from your nearest supplier. You may check through the yellow pages to find a listing of topsoil suppliers near your area. If there is a landscaping company in your neighborhood, you may also check in with them for a list of suppliers.

You will need enough topsoil to cover the entire area with a 6” thick layer of topsoil. Your supplier will be able to tell you how much topsoil you will need if you supply them with your square yardage.

When your topsoil has arrived, it is time to spread it over your area. You may hire a contractor or spread the soil yourself. If the area you wish to cover is small, you may use a wheelbarrow and a shovel to spread your soil. If the area you wish to cover is larger, you will have to rent out a tractor or excavator to get the job done. An advantage of hiring a contractor to spread the soil is they will compact the soil in the process of spreading.

Your soil may now be prepared for your lawn sod. If you used a machine to spread the soil, you just need to rake over the top layer using a garden rake while filling low spots every now and then with soil. If the soil was spread by hand, you need to roll the area first to compress it before raking. Rollers are available for rent or purchase. Fill up the roller’s drum with water and adjust according to the weight needed.

Order your sod from your sod supplier. You may consult the Yellow Pages for a list of suppliers near your area or check with your landscaping company. Supply your sod supplier with your square yardage and they will determine the amount of sod for your lawn. It is important that you do not order your sod before your soil has been compressed and raked because sod deteriorates fast if not installed and watered right away.

You may now start laying your sod. Sod laying and brick laying are similar in which the seams of one sod row must not line up with the seams of the next. A good method to avoid seam-lining is by starting off with a full length piece of sod and then alternating this with a half piece of sod as you go along.

It is ok to let a bit of sod run over your top soil. You can remedy this later with a sod cutter. If you have straight lines you need to cut off, drive a stake at one end and pull a string taut until the other end which you also stake in place. The string acts as your cutting guide.

Once all the sod has been laid down and cut to fit, roll the whole area once again. This will get rid of any air pockets and press the sods closer to the soil. If you have sods that are on slopes, stake them into place. This is a good place to hold them until the roots have taken place.

Water your new lawn regularly for the next two to three weeks to ensure the good growth of roots. After which, you can remove the stakes and enjoy your brand new plush and green lawn!

Within a reasonable period, longer or shorter according to the temperature but usually in ten days to three weeks, the young grass will appear above the ground. Don't make the mistake of sprinkling it daily; but if the upper inch or so of soil becomes obviously dry, then water it freely with a fine sprinkler adjusted so that it will not wash the surface soil away. Once the seed has started to germinate, the young plants must not be permitted to suffer from lack of water. In the very young stages of the grass,  the surface soil must never be allowed to get really dry, but as the grass gets taller and stronger and as its roots strike deeper, watering can be less frequent but more water should be given at each application. Watering is only needed, of course, during dry periods.

When the grass is two inches tall or very slightly more, cut it with a very sharp mower with the blades set at a height of one and three-quarter inches. A mower with dull cutting knives will pull the plants out of the ground and cause much damage. Even with the best care there may be some bare spots in a lawn sown with seeds (particularly if sowing is done in the spring). These should be reseeded as soon as they become apparent.

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