Organic gardening is a form of gardening that uses substantial diversity in pest control to reduce the use of pesticides and tries to provide as much fertility with local sources of nutrients rather than purchased fertilizers.

The term may have ironically arisen as a response to the effects observed in farming during the first half of the 20th century and the evolving science of organic chemistry.

"Organic gardening is, maintaining a fertile soil using nature's law for replenishing it. The balance of nature must be respected. The soil is the home of many organisms such as earthworms, insects, bacteria, and fungi who use organic matter for food which prepares it for live vegetation. Chemicals which are added to the soil to destroy insects and weeds, also harm the beneficial organisms. So it is recycling appropriate organic matter back to mother earth by composting and mulching.

Soil is where the garden begins and ends. Fertile soil is no accident and must be worked on. Organic gardening improves soil by increasing the organic matter through:

Making a compost pile and turning the composted matter into the soil. Using natural fertilizers and manures which will decompose. Mulching crops and working them back into the soil after harvest.

-Alfalfa and other legumes are a valuable aid in building good soil since they are active nitrogen gatherers and in fact furnish more nitrogen to crops than fertilizer and manure. This occurs through a process called nitrogen fixation. Bacteria attach themselves to legume roots and form nodules which

are rich in nitrogen. Alfalfa and other legumes add this extra fertility because they favor bacteria which makes nitrogen available for plants. As their roots sink down, they aerate the soil and add valuable organic matter.

So we see that healthy soil is the most vital factor in establishing a productive and nutritious vegetable garden. Organic gardeners shun artificial and chemical fertilizers because of their over-all devastating effect on the soil. They deteriorate the soil, destroy beneficial soil organisms including earthworms, they lower the nutritional content of crops and make them susceptible to diseases and insect infestation, and lastly they inhibit plants from absorbing the necessary minerals in the soil.

Composting is the core of this type of garden. It is nature's way of building new soil through decomposition of natural plant materials. Composting exemplifies the birth-death cycle prevalent in a11 of nature's actions and reactions. Composting costs nothing and takes little effort. All sorts of organic wastes can be used - table scraps, leaves, grass clippings, weeds, etc. It is the most efficient and practical fertilizer and it creates the finest soil. Compost is more than a fertilizer; it is the process of continuing life. With the proper conditions and organic materials, bacteria will gladly assist in the formation of humus.

A true gardener appreciates the incredibly valuable assistance of earthworms since they will aerate the soil and enrich mineral content. The earthworm actually eats and digests the soil Its excrements are richer in minerals than the soil they ingest. However, all chemical fertilizers and sprays must be abandoned for they are fatal to earthworms.

Mulching is also an invaluable aid to organic farmers. It discourages weeds, preserves ground moisture, and protects plants from freezing in the winter. Mulching is simply a cover layer of organic material such as corn stalks, hay, or leaves placed on the soils' surface.

The advantages to mulching, are that it protects the plant from temperature extremes. It keeps the soil warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer. Mulch materials contain minerals which gradually compost into the soil. It fertilizes on the ground surface and again fertilizes the earth after decay. Mulching eliminates weed growth since the weeds

do not have a chance to grow through the mulch. Mulch also keeps moisture in the ground and prevents wind and rain erosion. Mulched plants can 'endure a long dry season with little water. Lastly, mulch prevents sprawling ground vegies from molding and rotting since mulch keeps the vegetables clean and dry. So you can see that mulching is a most advantageous process for the organic gardener to employ.

There are many reasons for gardening organically. We can be assured of receiving high quality vegetables of superior nutrition without the use of dangerous chemicals and pesticides. In addition we can choose the vegetables we would like to have grown and at harvest time they can be immediately gathered and eaten - an unsurpassed way of attaining fresh and tasty food. On the practical side, gardening is an economical and profitable way to secure your food and also provides good work and exercise in the process."

Most of the time, markets would be the only places where you can get fresh fruits and vegetables that are in season. But no matter how fresh they may seem to be, the truth is that you really do not know how these were planted and what chemicals have been used to cultivate them.
To save yourself from the negative effects of pesticides and other chemicals, the best way to go is to buy organically grown fruits and vegetables. But what if the nearest organic market is about two towns away? The best solution is to start your own organic garden.
Organic gardening is pretty easy because you don’t get to use chemicals and other fertilizers to grow your crops. You just trust the power of nature and of course see to it that your garden is well attended.
Before you start your new gardening plans you have to decide and do the following steps to ensure the success of your organic garden.

1. Determine the reason why you really want to practice organic gardening. Ask yourself if you wish to start a garden because you just want to have a few of your essential or commonly used herbs and vegetables at home or you really want to go big time by having a lot of organic crops for business.

2. Check the type and size of land that you want to make use of for organic gardening. It would also help if you would check the quality of the soil that you may have on your land to see if it’s possible for you to start a garden. The location of the land is also important, check if the area receives enough sunlight for your plants to fully absorb it.

Don’t just start planting anywhere you see a vacant lot or patch of soil around your home. Remember that the place should be conducive enough to plant your target crops.

3. Once you have decided where to plant your crops, the next thing that you should do is to clear the ground to rid the area of weeds, insects and other unwanted materials. You may loosen the soil to aerate it and may want to water the soil as well. This is to set a good environment for your plants.

4. Another way to improve your garden soil is to fertilize it with compost. You may also want to start your own compost pit so you will always have a ready supply of fertilizer for your plants.

Coffee grounds, vegetable and fruit peel, grass clippings, wood chips, animal manure and even egg shells can be used as fertilizers. So be sure that your compost pit is filled with these.

Digging up your soil will not only aerate it but will also allow new roots to penetrate deeper in the ground. This will strengthen the plants as well as help absorb more water.

5. Next, study the plants and seeds that you want to use for your organic garden. You really have to be careful because some seeds and seedlings are climate and weather dependent. What you have to do is to look for plants that can be grown locally. It would also be best to check local organic markets, because they normally have seeds which they can offer you.

Look for labels which indicate that the seedlings or seeds can be grown organically. Otherwise, you may opt out from buying them. Ask someone who knows a thing or two about organic gardening and you are sure to succeed.

6. To seal the deal and to finally declare yourself a real farmer, plant the seeds with utmost care. Make sure to follow the directions at the back of each packet of seeds to know how deep you should plant them. If you plant them too deep or too shallow, you may problems growing your plants.

7. Another thing, never forget to water your plants. Your compost pit is there for 1 reason and that is to keep your plants fertilized. Well fed plants will guarantee great harvest seasons.

Lastly, organic gardening may sometimes be a hit or miss deal, so you have to be very persistent in order to succeed. These guidelines will definitely help you kick start you career as an organic farmer.

Organic gardening is virtually the same as growing any kind of plants, flowers, or fruits and vegetables. The only difference is that this time, you cannot use any chemical product that could harm your plants, the environment or even yourself.

Requirement #1: Light

As there are no chemical products to give your plants a boost of energy or nutrients, you will have to rely on basic and all-natural nutrients to ensure your plants’ growth. The most important of this is sunlight. Even indoor plants should have as much sunlight as possible.

Artificial lighting is also fine, but you have to make sure that it is just the right level of intensity. You have to consider many other factors as well, which can be troublesome. So if you want things simple, just look for areas in your backyard or home that receive the greatest amount of natural lighting.

Also, artificial lighting may not require expensive supplies and tools to set up but they do have to be on around 14 hours a day at certain stages of your plants’ life. That could cause your electricity bill to shoot up quite alarmingly.

Requirement #2: Choosing Beginner-Friendly Seeds

In a way, the use of chemical products in gardening can spoil you because they make everything complicated. The only problem with them is that they do not make your produce as nutritious as they should be. And there is, of course, the damage that they can wreak on the environment.

With organic gardening, you get back to the basics, which is like learning everything from scratch. As such, it is better to start with seeds that have self-watering starting systems.

Requirement #3: Feed

A sterile planting mix is essential to organic gardening but it is never enough to feed your hungry plants. To make sure that your plants are pleasantly full, you need to purchase organic feed or prepare a diluted solution of any organic liquid fertilizer.

Requirement #4: Wind

To be more specific, seeds - whether they are grown organically or not - require lots of natural air and well-ventilated areas to thrive. In a way, moving winds make your plants move, which give them the occasional workout they need. If you are growing your seeds indoors, then it is best to have an electric fan or an air-cooling fan (make sure it is not too cold, though) facing them.

Requirement #5: Reading Instructions

Anything else you have to know will usually be growth and care requirements that are unique to the species you are growing. Most seed packets come with their own instruction sheet, which you should definitely take the time to read from cover to cover. These will let you know, for instance, when you can expect your plants to germinate and bloom, thus preventing you from panicking when months have passed and there are still no signs of any growth from your plants.

Requirement #6: Choosing the Right Container

It is not always about looks although certainly that matters, too. But you should never forget that containers are basically your plants’ home. If they do not feel comfortable with their home, then they will not grow up happily and healthily.

Since you are into organic gardening, it is only to be expected that the containers you use must come from eco-friendly materials as well. Consider the size next. Bigger is usually better because it gives a plant’s roots lots of room to grow.

Larger containers also mean more soil, which mean more moisture stored. With sufficient moisture stored for the plant, you will not have to water them as frequently.

Requirement #7: Making Beds

If the sixth requirement does not apply in your case, then it is probably because you prefer to plant your seeds in the ground. If so, you have to prepare its bed at least three weeks in advance. The soil must be dry and loose by the time you plant your seeds. Adding compost will also make your soil healthier. Remove any debris in the area and continue doing this until it is time to plant your seeds.

Requirement #8: Tools

Last but not the least, here is a list of basic tools you will need for organic gardening.

  • Spade
  • Hoe
  • Trowel
  • Fork
  • Pruners
  • Handheld weeding tool
  • Rake
  • Watering can or hose