Pinus parviflora is a evergreen tree found in areas such as E. Asia - C. and S. Japan. A member of the Pinaceae family, Pinus parviflora Siebold.&Zucc is also known by its common name of Japanese White Pine. The tree can grow to a height of 15 meters and up to 6 meters wide. The preferred habitat of Mountains[58]., with LM soil and N moisture levels. .

Japanese White Pine is a zone 5 hardy plant that has medicinal uses - the medicinal usage rating of Japanese White Pine is 2The turpentine obtained from the resin of all pine trees is antiseptic, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge[4]. It is a valuable remedy used internally in the treatment of kidney and bladder complaints and is used both internally and as a rub and steam bath in the treatment of rheumatic affections[4]. It is also very beneficial to the respiratory system and so is useful in treating diseases of the mucous membranes and respiratory complaints such as coughs, colds, influenza and TB[4]. Externally it is a very beneficial treatment for a variety of skin complaints, wounds, sores, burns, boils etc and is used in the form of liniment plasters, poultices, herbal steam baths and inhalers[4].

Pinus parviflora is a non flowering plant which is pollinated by Wind.

Known hazards of the plant: The wood, sawdust and resins from various species of pine can cause dermatitis in sensitive people[222].

The plant has an edibility rating of 4Seed - raw or cooked. The oil-rich seed has a resinous
flavour. It is about 10mm long[200]. A vanillin flavouring is obtained as a by-product of other resins that are released from the pulpwood[200].

Cultivation tips: Thrives in a light well-drained sandy or gravelly loam[1, 11]. Dislikes poorly drained moorland soils[1]. Established plants tolerate drought[200]. Leaf secretions inhibit the germination of seeds, thereby reducing the amount of plants that can grow under the trees[18]. This species sometimes self-sows in British gardens[185]. Plants are strongly outbreeding, self-fertilized seed usually grows poorly[200]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[200]. There are two main forms of this species in cultivation in Britain. A low growing form (which is probably a Japanese semi-dwarf cultivar) is of slow growth whilst a taller growing form (probably the wild species) is more rapid[185]. There are many named forms selected for their ornamental value, most of them are dwarf forms[200]. This species is also commonly used for bonsai[266]. Plants in this genus are notably susceptible to honey fungus[200].

. The plant should best be propagated by It is best to sow the seed in individual pots in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe if this is possible otherwise in late winter. A short stratification of 6 weeks at 4°c can improve the germination of stored seed[80]. Plant seedlings out into their permanent positions as soon as possible and protect them for their first winter or two[11]. Plants have a very sparse root system and the sooner they are planted into their permanent positions the better they will grow[K]. The trees should be planted into their permanent positions when they are quite small, between 30 and 90cm[200]. We actually plant them out when they are about 5 - 10 centimeters tall. So long as they are given a very good weed-excluding mulch they establish very well[K]. Larger trees will check badly and hardly put on any growth for several years. Th is also badly affects root development and wind resistance[200]. Cuttings. This method only works when taken from very young trees less than 10 years old. Use single leaf fascicles with the base of the short shoot. Disbudding the shoots some weeks before taking the cuttings can help. Cuttings are normally slow to grow away[81].

Seed - raw or cooked. The oil-rich seed has a resinous flavour. It is about 10mm long[200]. A vanillin flavouring is obtained as a by-product of other resins that are released from the pulpwood[200].