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These vary in height from 1 to 6 ft. or so, according to variety and method of pruning. They are represented by hybrid teas, floribundas and grandifloras as well as the informal shrub types or species, usually grown as single specimens and not in formal beds. Hybrid teas are the mainstay of gardens. Their blooms are borne either singly or in threes and fives.
Where roses of real quality are desired, they are the first choice. They vary in height from 2.5 to 6 ft.
The floribundas, formerly known as hybrid polyanthas, carry their blooms in clusters or trusses. They flower profusely, are excellent for cutting, and are exceptionally hardy even where prolonged low temperatures are experienced. Heights differ considerably, from moderately vigorous varieties up to 2 ft., which are suitable for the front of borders, to the taller kinds, which may reach 5 ft. or so with light pruning.
Floribunda dwarfs are bushy, unusually low-growing varieties. They vary in height from about 12 to 20 in. Some are ideal for edging.
Most kinds of bush roses can be spaced 20 in. apart, the compact growers rather closer, say 16 to 18 in. and the very vigorous varieties farther apart, say up to 2 ft. In warmer regions, vigorous varieties may need 3 ft. or more. Bush roses are more effective when staggered.