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Amelanchier interior is a deciduous tree found in areas such as Central N. America - Wisconsin to S. Minnesota and south to S. Dakota. A member of the Rosaceae family, Amelanchier interior Nielson does not go by a known (to us) common name. The tree can grow to a height of 9 meters and up to meters wide. The preferred habitat of Hillsides and banks of streams., with LMH soil and SN moisture levels. .
The plant is a zone 6 hardy plant that has no known (to us) medicinal uses - the medicinal usage rating of the plant is 0.
Amelanchier interior is a non flowering plant which is pollinated by Bees.
The plant has an edibility rating of 3Fruit - raw or cooked. A sweet taste[177, K] and a juicy texture[229, K], even before the fruit is fully ripe[K]. The fruit is produced in small clusters and is up to 8mm in diameter. The fruit is rich in iron and copper. This species has been seen fruiting well at Kew where the fruit ripened about 3 weeks later than most of the other species[K].
Cultivation tips: We have very little information on this species. We do not know if it will be hardy in Britain, though it is growing and fruiting well at Kew Gardens in London[K] and judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of the country. This species is not stoloniferous. The following notes are based on the general needs of the
genus. The plant prefers a rich loamy soil in a sunny position or semi-shade[1, 200] but thrives in any soil that is not too dry or water-logged. Grows well in heavy clay soils. All members of this genus have edible fruits and, whilst this is dry and uninteresting in some species, in many others it is sweet and juicy. Many of the species have potential for use in the garden as edible ornamentals. The main draw-back to this genus is that birds adore the fruit and will often completely strip a tree before it is fully ripe[K]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus. Grafting onto seedlings of A. lamarckii or Sorbus aucuparia is sometimes practised in order to avoid the potential problem of hybridizing.
. The plant should best be propagated by Seed - it is best harvested 'green', when the seed is fully formed but before the seed coat has hardened, and then sown immediately in pots outdoors or in a cold frame. If stored seed is obtained early enough in the autumn, it can be given 4 weeks warm stratification before being left out in the winter and it should then germinate in the spring. Otherwise seed can be very slow to germinate, perhaps taking 18 months or more. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a sheltered outdoor position, planting them out once they are 20 centimeters or more tall. If there is sufficient seed it is best to sow it thinly in an outdoor seedbed[78, 80]. Grow the seedlings on for two years in the seedbed before planting them out into their permanent positions during the winter. Layering in spring - takes 18 months. Division of suckers in late winter. The suckers need to have been growing for 2 years before you dig them up, otherwise they will not have formed roots. They can be planted out straight into their permanent positions if required.
Fruit - raw or cooked. A sweet taste[177, K] and a juicy texture[229, K], even before the fruit is fully ripe[K]. The fruit is produced in small clusters and is up to 8mm in diameter. The fruit is rich in iron and copper. This species has been seen fruiting well at Kew where the fruit ripened about 3 weeks later than most of the other species[K].