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Growing Bonsai Plants, Tips to Care
The word Bonsai is indigenous to Japan, where it means “planting in a tray or pot.” Growing bonsai is a form of artistic micro gardening, where you grow plants in a tray or pot while ensuring they have all the traits of the full-grown tree from which they have been taken. The amount of nutrients and water required by bonsai usually depends on the climate, moisture in the air, and exposure to the sun. You can grow bonsai tree from its seeds or cuttings. Though cultivation from seeds takes time, it is quite rewarding.
Tips for Growing Bonsai
Like other trees, bonsai plants also require good air moisture, sunlight, and air circulation for good health. Bonsai can be grown both indoors and outdoors. However, most of the tree species do not survive indoors. A careful study of the plant will help you understand whether the species is tolerant to indoor conditions. While tropical species endure indoor life, conifers find it difficult to survive indoors and die out in two-three years.
It is important to select the proper plant species, good source of plant material, good quality container to grow bonsai plant. Selecting the right pot is necessary to ensure that your bonsai stays within the set limits of size and shape. Remember that the plant should be big enough to hold enough soil so that the roots stay covered. However, it should not be too big to distort the image of miniaturization.
There should be enough drainage holes in the pot, which should be covered with a wire mesh to ensure that the soil remains intact while the plant is being watered. While the bonsai plants require good air flow, central heating and air conditioning can be detrimental to the health of your bonsai by creating dry air and low humidity stages on the plant. Poor light might distress the tree’s health.
It is important to re pot bonsai every couple of years so that it keeps growing and stays healthy. The choice of a pot is again important while re potting.
The following are some of the important bonsai care tips:
Soil: No matter which tree species you choose, prefer using special soil to normal potting soil so that it dries out quickly. Good soil does not allow water to stay and uses excess water and has good aeration. Poor soil can be detrimental to the health of the tree.
Sunlight: The bonsai trees must receive five to six hours of sunlight regularly. However, they must not be put in direct sunlight to prevent scorching and drying off.
Watering: The bonsai tree should be watered regularly. However, both excess and scarcity of water are detrimental to the plant. Excess water can even cause root rot. Before watering, ensure that the water is pH tested and regulated to be acidic. Watering the bonsai also depends on the type of pot used. If it is a wood pot, water twice because wood is sure to absorb some of that water.
Pruning: Though each species has its pruning season, spring is usually the best time to prune branches of bonsai. Pruning is an essential part of the bonsai growing culture. Majority of the leaves, roots, and branches must be clipped off, wiring the enviable branches toward the trunk so that the tree follows an organized growth spectrum. Several bonsai trees need to be defoliated during summer so that new leaves and branches come up.
Fertilization: Nourish the bonsai with nitrogen, phosphoric acid, and potash every spring and autumn or fall. Indoor bonsai trees should be fed with liquid plant food once every two weeks. However, no fertilization is required in the winter. Judicious use of fertilizers is an essential part of the bonsai care process.
You can select any shape to grow bonsai. Some of the well-known bonsai shapes are formal upright style, informal upright style, broom style, slanting style, semi-cascade style, cascade style, raft style, and forest style bonsai. You can always use your own creativity and imagination to come up with a new bonsai style.