The quickest way to make a lawn is by laying sod, to carpet the ground completely with living turf. If you must buy the sod, it is also the most expensive method, but sometimes the sod can be taken from another part of the garden. Possibly a building, a paved terrace or a path is to be installed where lawn exists, and the grass sod can be removed and used elsewhere. New beds and borders cut in lawns also provide supplies.

A lawn made of sod looks good from the beginning and is usable almost immediately. If properly installed and given adequate care, it can be put down successfully any time from spring to fall.

For clothing slopes, a lawn made of sod has the advantage of checking erosion immediately. A border of turf provides excellent well-defined margins to a lawn, the major center part of which is sown from seed after the sods are laid.

Cutting the Sods Turf is easy to cut and install once the best techniques are mastered. The sod should be at least three years old. Choose a time when the a plank lying flat on the turf as a guide for cutting the lines straight. If you have no edger, you can make do with a spade for slicing the sod into squares.

For cutting beneath the sods so that each square may be lifted cleanly and intact, you may use a spade, too, but if you have any considerable amount to lift, it will pay to obtain

a sod or turf cutter. This is a sort of long-handled spade with a sharp cutting blade and a shaft set at such an angle that the blade can be easily pushed horizontally beneath the sod by an operator who bends over and pushes the handle at about knee level or slightly higher. Before cutting, the thickness of the finished turfs should be decided upon. One-and-a-half to two inches is suitable. Cut the sods slightly-thicker than the finished dimension.

As each sod is lifted, place it grass side down in a tray as deep as the finished sod is to be thick. This tray should have three sides only, the fourth being left open to permit the sod to be slipped in and out.

Let the side of the tray opposite the open side rest against a "stop" of some kind to prevent the tray from slipping; then with an old scythe blade or a two-handled knife having a blade longer than the width of the tray, cut off all surplus soil and roots by standing in front of the closed end of the tray and drawing the blade toward you while it rests across the tray's edges. In this way all sods are cut to a uniform thickness, and laying them evenly is greatly facilitated.

Laying lawn sods is a fast and relatively easy way to create a lush and green lawn instantly. It is not as labor intensive as seeding a lawn and the transformation from a bare and brown ground to a thick green landscape is stunning. Many individuals prefer to create new lawns using lawn sods over seeding because it seems easier but there are rules that have to be observed.

If you want your lawn sods to be applied perfectly and to have good root growth, you must remember these easy to follow tips:

1) Your sod must be applied on moist soil. Water your soil with a spray if it is dry, being careful not to overwater it. Sod will not work well on dry soil.

2) Sod must be laid down as soon as it arrives from the sod supplier. Have your sod supplier lay down the pallets around the yard separated by the space required for each pallet to cover. This will eliminate the need for you to move the lawns sods around yourself which can be very hard and heavy work.

3) The sod must be laid down at a perpendicular angle to the slope of a yard. To make it easier for you, start against a straight edge such as that of a sidewalk or a driveway. When you unroll your first sod, keep it against the edge tightly as you go.

This will ensure that your first row is straight. You can use this as a guide for making your subsequent rows straight as well.

4) Unroll your next piece of sod part way and keep it tight against your first piece of sod. Be careful not to stretch either piece. When your sods dry out, they will shrink and leave spaces in between. These spaces will be filled in by weeds. Continue unrolling and laying your sods until you have finished the first row.

5) The edges of the pieces must be offset from each other, similar to the laying down of bricks. To get this effect, use a sod piece that has been cut in half for your second row so that the seams are not lined up with that of the first row. You may also a use a partial sod piece left over from the first row.

6) Finish the second row and begin on the remaining rows, alternating between whole sod pieces and half sod pieces to keep the seams offset from each other.

7) Use a roller which can be rented or purchased to press your sod closer to the ground. This will help the roots of the sod make contact with your soil. After rolling over the area of your lawn, sprinkle with water 30 minutes after. This will further encourage the roots to hold onto the soil. This will also help prevent your sods from drying out.

8) With a utility knife, trim your sods so that they can fit around obstacles like trees and plant beds. If you try to fit small pieces of sods around this area, they will only shrivel up and die.

9) Ensure that your sods are kept moist by sprinkling water over the area up to 3x a day. Water applied must just be enough so that they moisten but not soak the area. Do your watering in the afternoon so that the sods are dry before nightfall. If you leave wet grass overnight, they are susceptible to disease.

10) After about 1 to 2 weeks, the roots should have already grown into the soil. Stop watering your lawn after two weeks for a day or two. This will allow your soil to firm up and establish the roots deeper into it. You can also mow your lawn at this time to the recommended height of no more than 1/3 off the top leaf.

As time goes by, you can reduce the number of times you water your lawn to encourage the root to grow deeper. You can fertilize your lawn after six weeks. Even if you can already mow the lawn after two weeks, it still is at a delicate point. Keep off children and pets off your lawn until after its time to mow it again.