When you say gardening, you can already just imagine the scope of that. It may only involve planting, growing, watering, trimming, and everything else that has to do with making sure that the plants, trees, and floras grow and stay in shape.

But when you say landscaping, there is a whole new meaning to it. It is no longer just about the plants, the trees, and the flowers. Now, everything that is in the garden including the non-living is already part of the whole game. This wider scope allows for a more dramatic and more extravagant result.

So you might be compelled to ask, what exactly are involved in garden landscaping? Well, there could be more than anyone could say because one landscape artist may have differing styles from others in his field. But generally, it spans the following:


This is advanced stuff. But what is landscaping without touching the structure of the land itself? It makes sense of course that landscaping should be primarily concerned with the shape, structure, and form of the ground area in which the garden is situated.

Great garden landscapes usually involve designs in elevation. This means, some parts are higher, some parts are lower, and it is done so in a very stylistic manner. It could be a simple case of rising ground level or the landscape artist may also use retaining walls. One stunning design with retaining walls is the creation of multiple layered terraces.

Plants, Trees, Floras

Then of course there are the main attractions of

the garden - the plants, trees, and floras. You might want to select a theme first like a tulip garden, rose garden, and palm garden. However, most stunning gardens intelligently mix different styles and can contain all types of plants and floras.

Taking care of the garden is not just all about making sure that the greens and floras grow healthy. They will also need to be trimmed so they always appear presentable. And in cases of sensitive breeds like Orchids, greater care is necessary. In all cases, it is best to hire an experienced gardener to take care of everything for you.

Lighting Fixtures

A garden is beautifully stunning by day. But as the sun falls, its grandness will be hidden in the shadows, but not necessarily. This is why many owners of landscaped gardens like to invest a lot on outdoor lighting fixtures. In fact, this is now no longer just used to light up the garden at night. Outdoor lighting fixtures are now also used as a decoration.

There are many techniques employed here. For example, uplighting involves lighting a tree from below to create a drama effect. Downlighting is used to illuminate from above. And then there is spotlighting which is used to highlight a main piece of attraction such as a rare plant or a beautiful statue.


Although it might work on some situations, a garden with bare soil as the ground is not very flattering. For yards and home gardens, the soil must be conveniently covered in lawn. And if you think growing them is troublesome, they can now actually be bought in rolls. These lawn rolls will then be rolled out over the soil to create a lawn covered surface.

With lawn however, especially when using Bermuda grass, frequent maintenance will be necessary. The grass must be kept in check to avoid it from growing too long. Of course, hiring a gardener will make things a lot simpler for you.

Additional Structures

For the final touches, the beauty of the plants, trees, and flora and also the beauty of the landscape and the rest of the elements in the garden will be complemented by additional structures or final touches.

Stone arrangements are quite common. This recreates nature and allows a more natural look into the garden. Also, fountains may be installed to add some water elements. Statues and vases may also be added.

And if there is space and budget, grand architectural structures such as a patio may also be built. This will provide an area for afternoon tea parties and can also host breakfasts and snacks.