To start your own garden of medicinal herbs, here is a list of the most commonly used medicinal herbs that you can try planting.


Although it is better known as an herb for flavouring dishes, basil actually has several medicinal benefits to offer as well. Basil is known to have antibacterial and antifungal properties as well as being able to strengthen a person’s immune system. This type of herb is best sown directly in the soil, where it can receive lots of sun and water.


This can work as a natural sedative if you are looking for something to help calm your nerves and ease your tension. A herbaceous perennial, catnip is best planted in the middle of spring and with a preference for warm soil as well as lots of sun. It does not require a lot of water to grow well, though. Catnip is a type of mint plant that also has excellent aromatic properties. Keep in mind that catnip is known to attract not just cats but bees as well.


If you want to make your own pepper spray, then you start with this herb, which is the primary ingredient for the highly painful self-defence solution used in pepper sprays. When growing cayenne capsicum, it is better to play it safe and plant it only when all remnants of frost are completely gone. While it has a preference for full sunlight, it does not require as much moisture so water it using a soaker

hose or a drip system. Medicinally speaking, cayenne pepper is known to improve one’s metabolism rate as well as offering anti-inflammatory and analgesic benefits.


This is one of the most common ingredients used for making herbal teas and supplements. It is also popular among individuals who love to make aromatic or essential oils. Chamomile is said to be effective for treating stomach pains as well as various types of sleeping problems. Chamomile is not particularly choosy when it comes to soil types, but it does thrive in locations that receive sun for the major part of the day. A self-seeding annual plant, chamomile is a low-maintenance herb that beginners would have no problems nurturing to maturity.


Coriander refers to the seeds that you will have to plant in soil with excellent drainage. When it grows, it produces leaves that are better known as cilantro, which is a popular herb for flavouring dishes just like basil and rosemary. Coriander must not be overwatered or exposed to extremely low temperatures. Leaves must be harvested regularly to encourage continuous growth.


They are not just pretty to look at, but can also work as a diuretic and liver tonic. An herbaceous perennial, dandelions are best planted in temperate areas and in spring in particular. Dandelions also thrive more when planted in rows of well-watered soil.

English Ivy

Contrary to popular opinion, not all ivies are poisonous and the English ivy is proof of that. Even better, this type of plant is incredibly easy to grow, with a preference for well-drained soil and a full day’s worth of sunshine.


Like chamomile, lavender is also used for making herbal teas and essential oils. There is a long list of benefits you can enjoy from lavender so this is one plant that your medicinal herb garden must have at all costs. A woody perennial, lavender is best grown in nursery beds outdoors during their seedling stage. Afterwards, they can be transferred and replanted directly in the soil or pots.

Lemon Balm

Another beginner-friendly plant, lemon balm is known also for its anti-viral and sedative properties. It may also be used for producing essential oils and teas. Like most plants listed here, lemon balm will do well when given sufficient water and lots of sunshine.


This herb requires moist and high-quality soil and does particularly well when planted in wooden flats. Passionflower is considered to be effective for treating nervousness and insomnia.


A lot of people consider plantain as effective for maintaining a healthy weight loss diet. Plantain is best grown in cool and moist soil and is likely to grow into exceptionally large sizes if the soil is given enough compost and water. It is also known for being an effective poultice, with anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. It may also be used to provide short-term relief for dental infections.