If you are not aware of what permaculture is, then perhaps it is now the time to do so. Permaculture is an approach or strategy that focuses on designing agricultural systems as well as human settlements. Through permaculture, you can help transform your garden into a natural habitat but without compromising its modern or urban setting. Basically, this strategy allows you to create a sustainable type of land use design.

The principles behind permaculture focuses or are aligned with several biological and ecological thoughts which seek to use patterns occurring in nature. Through the permaculture approach, you will learn how to maximize garden and home settings to help culture plant growth but without using a lot of energy. The goal is to avoid as much wasted energy as the design and principles can afford.

The main aim of permaculture is to organize productive and reliable systems capable of providing for the basic human needs. These needs should be provided in a harmonious way regardless of its integration of the area and its inhabitants. In this case, several factors are considered before the design is made. These can include a range of ecological processes including those observed in animals and plants.

You would learn how to deal with different ecological conditions for your garden. These conditions include weather cycles, climatic factors, as well as nutrient cycles. Using the permaculture system, it is possible for people to minimize their work. It teaches you how to mix urban settings with the natural environment, allowing

you to enjoy the natural perks of your garden without doing any damage to your modern living.

Further, in permaculture, it is possible to turn wastes into resources and increase the productivity rate while restoring the environments. The principles under this strategy are also applicable to different types of environments regardless of the scale of urban settlements such as farms and individual homes.

Applications of Permaculture

Are you wondering how best to deal with nitrogen hungry vegetables? Some of these include members of the cabbage family as well as salad greens. Under a permaculture plan, these types of plants should be planted in a specific location where some beans and peas have also been planted. The cabbages would supposedly be able to utilize all the nitrogen that has been fixed following the planting of beans and peas.

The following idea under permaculture can be further explained in several manners.

Nitrogen and Permaculture

Nitrogen is very crucial component for many plants. If the soil is lacking of nitrogen then it would appear pale and plant development would be inhibited. Thus, as part of your permaculture plan, as much as possible try to incorporate legumes into your plantation before growing salad greens and cabbages. This would not just cut on costs but it would also ensure that the plants would grow as healthy and ideal as possible.

Basically, legumes use rhizobia, a type of soil bacteria, to fix nitrogen. This means that the bacteria obtains the nitrogen from the air and converts it to a form that is consumable and beneficial to plants. When legumes are subjected to symbiotic relationship, they are supposed to be able to live on their own and provide the corresponding nitrogen needs. In this case, you do not need to use fertilizer anymore.

You should also remember that once the crop has been harvested, you should cut the back the remaining until it reaches ground level. This should help the root nodules to release all the necessary nitrogen that following crops can use and benefit from. This can help you with growing plants and for any type of permaculture design you want to use. If possible, you can also incorporate such with other permaculture designs.

Making Use of Permaculture

It is very important to take note that designing such permaculture design entails learning about the plants to be used as well. Without proper knowledge of the needs and factors affecting the plant, the design may just be inefficient or plain futile. Permaculture may just be the answer to your planting needs but you also have to exert enough effort to make sure that it has a good foundation and has been carefully thought of.

If you want a permaculture design for your garden, one of the initial things you have to learn about is the different growing zones that permaculture consists of. Permaculture zones are differentiated with each other based on the frequency in which a particular zone or area is visited. The higher the frequency, the greater the amount of maintenance and attention they will need from their owner.

The Importance of Permaculture Zones

By using permaculture zones as a guide for designing the landscape or layout of your garden, you will be able to enjoy reduced time and effort when planting and caring for your garden. This is because the plants that require the most attention are closest to your home, thus minimizing the time wasted on “travel”.

Even if you do not have a huge garden, you can still end up wasting time on “traveling” whenever you have something heavy to transport from the storage area or garage and all the way to your garden.

Zone 1

Zone 1 should consist of the area that is closest to your point of origin, which could be your home, garage, greenhouse or wherever it is you will be coming from when you visit your garden. Plants that should be grown in Zone 1 are those that are particularly high-maintenance and those that you consider most valuable for whatever reason.

Certain plants are precious to you, for example, because they are your favourites or because you commonly use them for cooking. They can also be the high-maintenance plants that have to be watered several times a day. If you have plants that you grow for a profit, they should be planted here as well.

Lastly, keep in mind that Zone 1 does not have to be limited to the nearest area to your point of origin. If there are frequently used areas or paths in your garden, these can be considered as a part of Zone 1 as well.

Zone 2

Consider this as home to the plants, shrubs, or trees that you also value highly but do not require as much care, maintenance, or attention as those in Zone 1. In other words, these are important but low-maintenance plants. Assuming that you run out of space for plants to grow in Zone 1, the hardiest among the bunch should be re-planted in Zone 2.

Most of the time, the soil in Zone 2 is mulched, well-fertilized, and has an excellent irrigation or drainage system. Because this is an area that you will not completely devote your attention to each day, it is best to give your Zone 2 plants as much help as needed for self-growth.

Zone 3

In most cases, your garden will be typically divided between Zones 1 and 2 alone. But if you have a particularly large area to work with, then you will need to consider making subsequent zones. For Zone 3, the ideal plants to grow here would be those that are low maintenance and are of medium importance in your priority list. They can be beneficial to you, too, but they are just used less frequently compared to the ones you are growing in previous zones.

Land for grazing and pasturing can also be in Zone 3. It is also the ideal place to grow crops since they require only moderate maintenance and few visits since they take rather long to grow.

Zone 4

This is the area where you should grow wild foods as well as timbre if that is something you need. It is also the ideal zone for performing little experiments when you are thinking of cultivating a new species or variant. It is also ideal for testing new techniques you have discovered about planting. If something turns out wrong, none of your important plants in Zones 1 to 3 will be significantly affected.

Zone 5

Lastly, there is Zone 5. This area rarely exists and typically does in the largest gardens and farming plots only. This is where plants you never even thought of planting grow - this is the “unmanaged” portion of your garden. Since the plants here are not something you personally invested in any way, consider yourself lucky if you find any kind of produce that is beneficial here.