Plantago psyllia is an annual found in areas such as Europe - Mediterranean to E. Asia - India. A member of the Plantaginaceae family, Plantago psyllia L. (1753 non 1762) is also known by its common name of Fleawort. The Annual can grow to a height of 0.6 meters and up to 0.25 meters wide. The preferred habitat of Dry places in S. Europe[50]. Found wild on most well-drained soils[7]., with LMH soil and N moisture levels. .

Fleawort is a zone hardy plant that has medicinal uses - the medicinal usage rating of Fleawort is 3Psyllium has been used as a safe and effective laxative for thousands of years in Western herbal medicine[254]. Both the dried seeds and the seed husks are demulcent, emollient and laxative[4, 9, 46, 254]. The seeds have a mucilaginous coat and swell to several times their volume when in water[9]. The seeds and the husks contain high levels of fibre, they expand and become highly gelatinous when soaked in water. By maintaining a high water content within the large bowel they increase the bulk of the stool, easing its passage[254]. They are used as a demulcent and as a bulk laxative in the treatment of constipation, dysentery and other intestinal complaints, having a soothing and regulatory effect upon the system[4, 9]. Their regulatory effect on the digestive system means that they can also be used in the treatment of diarrhoea and by helping to soften the stool they reduce the irritation of haemorrhoids[254]. The jelly-like
mucilage produced when psyllium is soaked in water has the ability to absorb toxins within the large bowel. Thus it helps to remove toxins from the body and can be used to reduce auto-toxicity[254]. The macerated and decocted seeds yield a rich mucilage that is used in relieving skin irritations and reddened eyelids[7].

Plantago psyllia is a non flowering plant which is pollinated by Wind.

The plant has an edibility rating of 2Young leaves - raw or cooked[105]. Seed - sprouted and eaten in salads[183]. Due to their mucilaginous quality, the sprouts are usually grown on clay or other porous materials[183].

Cultivation tips: Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in a sunny position. Cultivated for its seed which is used medicinally[46, 61]. Closely related to P. arenaria. There is considerable confusion over the correct name for this species. This same name was given to two different species by Linnaeus, one in 1753 and again in 1762. The species named in 1753 is sometimes held to be a synonym for P. arenaria but is here treated as P. psyllia. The species named in 1762 is now held to be P. affra.

. The plant should best be propagated by Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer. A sowing can be made outdoors in situ in mid to late spring if you have enough seeds.

Young leaves - raw or cooked[105]. Seed - sprouted and eaten in salads[183]. Due to their mucilaginous quality, the sprouts are usually grown on clay or other porous materials[183].