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This is a propagating process in which a bud is removed from its parent plant and inserted into the stock of another plant. When this is carefully carried out the stock and the scion (the inserted shoot) become united and behave as one plant, though neither the stock nor the scion loses its botanical characteristics.
Budding, like grafting, is carried out on woody shrubs and trees, though herbaceous plants can also be treated in the same way; Tomato, for example, can be successfully grafted on to a Potato plant.
Wood-buds, taken from shoots that have been produced in the current season, are used in budding; if they are too old they fail to unite. A shield-shaped piece of bark is removed with the bud and also a small portion of the wood of the shoot.
A "T"-shaped incision is made in the stock, and the bark is gently raised to receive the bud. Patience is needed when inserting the bud into the "T" slit, and a sharp knife or razor blade should be used so that the slit is a clean cut. Firmly tie the union with a plastic bandage or raffia and leave only the bud exposed. In about a month to six weeks' time after this budding the bandages can be removed. Both bud and stock should have united, and then it will be necessary to remove the upper portion of the stock if it was not removed prior to budding.
In the budding process, the cambium tissue of the bud unites